Foundational Learning Competence (FLC)


Foundational Learning Competence Communication in English:

Foundational Learning refers to the competence identified as a platform for coping with the demands of occupational learning at NQF Levels 2 – 4, in the two key areas of

Communication and Mathematical Literacy. These two components make up the Foundational Learning Competence Part Qualification at NQF Level 2. In terms of current policy (February 2012), achievement of this qualification is compulsory for the award of occupational qualifications at NQF Levels 3 and 4.

The Curriculum Framework for Foundational Communication in English (FCE) addresses the exit outcomes for the Communication component of the Foundational Learning Competence Part Qualification, in contexts in which English is the language of learning and teaching (LOLT). It describes the English language skills, processes, knowledge and practices that learners need in order to deal confidently and successfully with formal occupational training which occurs mainly through the medium of English, which uses training materials in English, and in which the occupational or trade assessment is in English. This framework could be versioned for other languages if required.

Broadly speaking, the Curriculum Framework addresses the same outcomes as any other language programme, namely the knowledge, skills and strategies needed for reading, writing, speaking and listening at a particular level of competence. However, the framework has a particular emphasis on preparing adult learners for occupational training and skills development.



Foundational Mathematical Literacy (FML) is the minimum, generic mathematical literacy that will provide learners with the necessary foundation to:

  • access learning at National Qualifications Framework (NQF) Levels 2, 3 and 4 for
  • occupations and trades; and
  • engage meaningfully in real-life situations.

Important note: Where particular occupations or trades require mathematics beyond FML, or applications in contexts that are specific to occupations or trades, these requirements are addressed within the core of qualifications related to those occupations and trades.